The Most Common Types of Lawyers

There are several types of lawyers. Whether or not you are experiencing legal problems at the moment, it’s best to understand what these types are so if the need does come, you’ll know who to look for. Here are the different types of lawyers that handle the most prevalent legal issues out there.

Criminal Lawyer

These lawyers understand criminal law. Since states have different rules covering arrests, arraignment, bail, and others, it’s important to look for a lawyer that has the knowledge and experience to handle your case in the specific area concerned. Defense attorneys, prosecutors, and public defenders are all criminal lawyers.

Personal Injury Lawyer

As the name suggests, these lawyers handle cases involving injuries. These are typically associated with car crashes, falls, and slips. Personal injury lawyers usually try to help their clients collect compensation for their injuries. People that get injured during their work in construction sites may need to seek out other types of lawyers, depending on the law that is involved.

Workers Compensation Lawyer

Much like the personal injury lawyers, these attorneys help their clients to seek workers compensation and benefits when they get injured on their jobs.

Bankruptcy Lawyer

These lawyers help clients who are unable to pay their debts in bankruptcy court. People often seek out this type of lawyer when they cannot pay credit card debt, foreclosure, or medical debt.

Family Lawyer

These lawyers take care of legal issues relating to families including divorce, prenuptial, and alimony. Child custody lawyers are also considered family practice lawyers.

Immigration Lawyer

According to the Pew Research Center, in 2019, 40 million people living in the U.S. were born in a different country. This makes immigration issues one of the most common reasons people seek out lawyers. Immigration lawyers help immigrants iron out problems with their legal status in the country.

Estate Planning Lawyer

These lawyers help individuals to sort out how their assets are distributed after they pass away. They are also the ones to seek out when writing wills and setting up trusts.

Intellectual Property Lawyer

These lawyers help deal with legal problems that involve copyrights, patents, trademarks, and trade secrets. They also help prevent their clients from committing intellectual property infringement.

Employment Lawyer

These lawyers help employees or employers regarding issues in the workplace. They are sought out for help with contracts, relationships, and other legal issues that may arise at work.

Corporate Lawyer


These lawyers help businesses with the formation of their entities and complying with regulations. They are also equipped to deal with the legalities of acquisitions, divestures, and mergers.

Medical Malpractice Lawyer

These lawyers help clients seek out compensation after they may have experienced medical malpractice while in the care of a medical professional. Common cases include inaccurate treatment, medical negligence, and misdiagnosis.

Tax Lawyer

These lawyers handle legal issues concerning tax. The most common issues are failure to file tax returns, tax evasion, and tax fraud.

Civil Litigation Lawyer

These lawyers typically help a client sue another person after the latter has caused harm to the former. These cases include class action lawsuits, contract disputes, property disputes and many others.

These are the most common types of lawyers that people need. If you are facing a legal issue, it’s ideal to speak with a lawyer about it. If you’re still confused which ones to seek out, don’t worry. They will often refer you to the right type in case you make a mistake.

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